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Publications Database - List of policies publications

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type    January, 2009

Assessing issues of financing a CO2 transportation pipeline infrastructure


Ioannis Chrysostomidis, Paul Zakkour, Mark Bohm, Eric Beynon, Renato de Filippo, and Arthur Lee

For carbon dioxide capture and geologic storage to be deployed commercially and in a widespread manner will require well thought out approaches for transporting the CO2 in a pipeline system from the capture facility to the injection site. Establishing a widespread CO2 transportation infrastructure will require strategic long-term planning, taking into account the potential magnitude of future deployment scenarios for CCS, up to a scale of infrastructure that could be comparable to the scale of oil & gas infrastructure. This paper outlines the results of a study, commissioned by the CO2 Capture Project (CCP) and completed by Environmental Resources Management (ERM) that evaluated the benefits and risks of two approaches to developing CO2 pipeline systems. The two basic approaches are described in the paper as:

  1. On a point-to-point basis, which matches a specific source to a specific storage location; or
  2. Via the development of pipeline networks, including backbone pipeline systems, which allow for common carriage of CO2 from multiple sources to multiple sinks.

An integrated approach to pipeline infrastructure approach offers the lowest average cost on a per ton basis for operators over the life of the projects if sufficient capacity utilization is achieved relatively early in the life of the pipeline. Integrated pipelines also reduce the barriers to entry and are more likely to lead to faster development and deployment of CCS. Without incentives to encourage the development of optimized networks project developers are likely to build point to point pipelines because they offer lower costs for the first movers and do not have the same capacity utilization risk.

© 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Carbon dioxide capture and geologic storage (CCS); CO2 pipelines; financing; backbone pipelines; point-to-point pipelines; CO2 Capture Project.

Source: Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) conference, 16-20 November 2008

(428 Kb)      View   Download

type    June, 2008

Assessment of the range of potential funds and funding mechanisms for CO2 transportation networks


Ioannis Chrysostomidis, Paul Zakkour, ERM

This report has been prepared for Phase II of the CO2 Capture Project (CCP2) by Environmental Resources Management (ERM). The basis for the research was the view that pipelines for CO2 transport could evolve in two ways:

1. On a point-to-point basis, which match a specific source to a specific storage location; or

2. Via the development of pipeline networks, including backbone pipelinesystems, which allow for common carriage of CO2 from multiple sources to multiple sinks.

The report covers funding options and geo-political factors.

(3.65 Mb)      View   Download

type    July, 2007

A Framework for Certification and Operation of CO2 Geological Storage Sites


CO2 Capture Project

A policy position paper on principles for CO2 Storage Site Certification. Widespread deployment of CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) will require standards and criteria to provide assurance of the long-term security of CO2 Geological Storage (CGS). This paper describes several technical criteria that could be employed in a framework for certification and operation of CGS sites. The oil and gas industry has over a century of experience of managing various high-pressure fluids in deep geological formations. This paper builds on that extensive knowledge base and outlines some high-level technical criteria that would be specifically applicable to CGS sites.

(56 kb)      View   Download

type    March, 2007

Public Perception of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage: Prioritised Assessment of Issues and Concerns


CO2 Capture Project, commissioned by IEA Working Party on Fossil Fuels

This report provides a prioritised assessment of perceptions and issues affecting the deployment of CCS. It recommends strategies to address those issues and to develop regulatory and policy frameworks for CCS. Perceptions and issues were surveyed by region (North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Japan, China, India and South Africa) and by stakeholder group (Non-Government Organisations (NGOs), Public, Government, Industry, and Research and Development (R&D) organisations). Regional reports are provided as appendices.

(223 kb)      View   Download

type    January, 2007

Regulatory Treatment of CO2 Impurities for CCS


CO2 Capture Project

This policy position paper discusses how to regulate the treatment of impurities in the captured CO2 stream from an industrial source. Key sub-issues are whether CO2 would be defined as a waste, and Whether impurities in the CO2 stream should trigger waste management or hazardous waste management regulations in a specific regulatory regime.

(77 kb)      View   Download

type    January, 2007

Incentives for CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage


CO2 Capture Project

The widespread deployment of CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) technology is uneconomic at the current state of technological development and with current markets and regulatory drivers. Additional incentives will be necessary, especially in the near term, if CCS is to play a significant role in reducing global GHG emissions. This Policy Position Paper the challenges facing widespread development of CO2 capture, transport and storage technology, which fall into two general categories: commercial incentive and risk environment.

(47 kb)      View   Download

type    December, 2006

CO2 Capture Projects Policies & Incentives Work Program 2006- 2007


Arthur Lee, Iain Wright

Overview of policies and incentives tasks for Phase 2 presented at the CCP2 NGO Focus Group Meeting in North America, December 2006. Covers adopting elements of CCS methodology in clean development mechanism and other regulatory regimes, decommissioning, monitoring.

(248 kb)      View   Download

type    February, 2006

CO2 Capture Project Policies & Incentives Work Program 2005- 2006


Gardiner, Hill

Overview of CO2 Capture Project Policies and Incentives work program presented at the CCP2 Stakeholder Meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, February 2007.

(205 kb)      View   Download

type    November, 2005

CO2 Capture Project Policies & Incentives Work Program 2005-2006 - NGO Forum, Washington DC


Bruce Wilcoxon

Overview of CO2 Capture Project Policies and Incentives work program 2005-2006 presented at the CCP2 NGO Focus Group Meeting in Washington DC November 2005.

(204 kb)      View   Download

type    September, 2005

CCP2 Policies and Incentives Work Program 2005-2006 - NGO Meeting Brussels 2005


Arthur Lee

Overview of the Policies and Incentives work program presented at the CCP2 NGO Focus Group Meeting in Brussels 2005.

(245 kb)      View   Download

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