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type     January, 2009

Effect of Gas Impurities on the Behavior of Ni-based Oxygen Carriers on Chemical-Looping Combustion

Juan Adánez, Francisco García-Labiano, Pilar Gayán, Luis F. de Diego, Alberto Abad, Cristina Dueso, Carmen R. Forero

Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is a two-step gas combustion process that produces a pure CO2 stream, ready for compression and sequestration. A solid oxygen carrier (OC) circulates between two reactors and transports oxygen from the combustion air to the fuel. Since the fuel is not mixed with air, the subsequent CO2 separation process is not necessary. A key aspect in CLC process using refinery and industrial gases is to know the behavior of the oxygen carriers under real gas mixtures that contain impurities as for example, sulfur and light hydrocarbons. The objective of this work was to analyze the effect of these impurities on the behavior of a Nickel-based oxygen carrier prepared by dry impregnation on α-Al2O3. The tests were carried out in a continuous 500 Wth CLC plant. Based on these results, important conclusions with respect to design of CLC plants are derived, which can help to the development of this technology in the near future.

© 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Chemical-Looping Combustion; nickel; oxygen carrier; sulfur; hydrocarbons; refinery gas.

Source: Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) conference, 16-20 November 2008

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