Probability Estimation of CO2 Leakage Through Faults at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites
Yingqi Zhang, Curtis M. Oldenburg, Stefan Finsterle, Preston Jordan, and Keni Zhang
Leakage of CO2 and brine along faults at geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) sites is a primary concern for storage integrity. The focus of this study is on the estimation of the probability of leakage along faults or fractures. This leakage probability is controlled by the probability of a connected network of conduits existing at a given site, the probability of this network encountering the CO2 plume, and the probability of this network intersecting environmental resources that may be impacted by leakage. This work is designed to fit into a risk assessment and certification framework that uses compartments to represent vulnerable resources such as potable groundwater, health and safety, and the near-surface environment. The method we propose includes using percolation theory to estimate the connectivity of the faults, and generating fuzzy rules from discrete fracture network simulations to estimate leakage probability. By this approach, the probability of CO2 escaping into a compartment for a given system can be inferred from the fuzzy rules. The proposed method provides a quick way of estimating the probability of CO2 or brine leaking into a compartment. In addition, it provides the uncertainty range of the estimated probability.
© 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Leakage risk; Connectivity of faults and fractures; Probabilitly estimation.
Source: Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) conference, 16-20 November 2008
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