Legal Aspects of Underground CO2 Storage - Summary of developments under the London Convention and North Sea Conference
R. Douglas Brubaker & Atle C. Christiansen, The Fridtjof Nansen Institute
The Fridjtof Nansen Institute is an independent foundation engaged in research on internationsl environmental energy and resource management politics, based in Lysaker, Norway. This study was co-funded by the Norwegian Government's Klimatek Agency, through their Norcap Program. The study highlights the lack of clear distinction between geologic (under-ground) and ocean (under-sea) storage of CO2 from the three appropriate institutions, namely:
1. The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention)
2. The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR)
3. The North Sea Conference.
The study also points to the different views of the State Parties regarding classification of CO2. At present the three mentioned institutions appear to have a "wait-and-see" approach"
A Review of Atmospheric CO2 Monitoring Systems by the California Institute of Technology
This report was completed in February 2002 by Tang & Associates at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). It reviews existing methods of CO2 detection (from portable personal detectors to remote satellite sensing). The report recommends technologies which could be developed to provide long-term, cost-effective monitoring of atmospheric CO2.
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