How does CCS work?

Capture

The CCS process starts by capturing the CO2 generated by power stations and large industrial processes (like cement factories, steel works and oil refineries). CO2 can be captured before, during or after burning fossil fuels in processes already widely used to provide CO2 for a variety of industries including the food and beverage industry where it puts the fizz in carbonated beverages. In general, capture technology can cost-effectively slash the CO2 emissions from a power plant or industrial process by up to 95%. more...

Transport

After the CO2 gas is captured, it is then transported to a suitable storage location. This can be achieved by leveraging extensive fluid transport (mostly via pipelines) know-how and skills from the oil and gas industries. Compared to many gases and chemicals which are moved from location to location, CO2 is largely inert, non-toxic and easily handled. more...

Storage, Monitoring and Verification (SMV)

The final - and critical - stage in the CCS process sees the CO2 injected at high pressure deep underground for storage in the microscopic pores of suitable rock formations, where it can be kept securely away from the atmosphere. Several projects, including those of CCP participants, are now accomplishing this successfully at production scale. The scope for storage is considerable - global storage capacity is estimated at upwards of 10,000 gigatonnes, compared to global annual CO2 emissions volumes of around 30 gigatonnes - meaning that hundreds of years’ worth of emissions could be stored in this manner. more...

 

 


Learn more about CO2 capture and storage by visiting www.ccsbrowser.com

 


CCP Contingencies Program factsheet now available.
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Report on progress of CCP projects and demonstrations during 2013.
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General links

Capture links

Storage links

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